Knowing the Type of Catfish Perfect for Catfish Farming
Catfish is one of the famous fish for aquaculture in the United States, especially in Mississippi, Alabama, and also Arkansas. However, aside from those three states, this fish is also famous in other countries such as Nigeria, Indonesia, the Philippines, and many more.
There are many type of catfish available in the world, each with their own unique characteristics. However, there three types that are commonly used in catfish farming.
Types of catfish for cultivation
1. Channel Catfish or Ictaluruspunctures
Channel catfish is one of the common type of catfish used in fish farming. It has a deeply forked tail and also the protruding jaw. The body has an olive-brown color with white or silvery white bellies, which are often confused with the flathead catfish type, especially by those inexperienced fish farmers. There may also small black spots in the fish’s body, but as they grow larger, these spots disappear.
The natural environment of channel catfish is around the large streams, rivers, lakes, and also reservoir with low to moderate current. They usually thrive in a warm climate and beginning to spawn in late spring or early summer. Although this fish is native fish of Canada and eastern to the northern part of the United States, channel catfish have been introduced to another part of the world as well like Malaysia and Indonesia.
2. Walking Catfish or Clarias batrachus
Walking catfish is one of the native species in Southeast Asia. This fish has the ability to wiggle her body across dry land which appears like it is walking on land, hence the name Walking Catfish. This fish can live in slow-moving or even stagnant water, which makes this fish easy to take care of even in ponds or tanks. It is usually also found in swamps, rivers, streams, or flooded rice paddles.
Its body is elongated and can reach up to 0.5 in meters length and 12 kg in weight. It is gray or grayish brown colored and sometimes with white spots along its body. Walking catfish does not have scales in its body, however, it has mucus that works as a protective layer for the fish when it is wiggling out of water. It has hidden sting or thorn-like which is embedded behind the fins used to attack its enemy. Therefore, you should be extra careful when you handle this fish.
The kinds of catfish are very important for you to know in cultivating catfish. If you are serious in cultivating catfish it is better if you read an article about How to starting a Catfish Farming for a Beginner.
3. Shark Catfish
The next catfish classification is the shark catfish which comes from the Pangasiidae family. Similar to the walking catfish type, shark catfish is also famous around Asia. As well as Central and South America. They throve and live well in the coastal river and can live in brackish to freshwater. These fish are often short-lived because they are not kept appropriately like in a home aquarium.
When living in good and proper condition. Shark catfish can grow up to 0.5 meters in length. Shark catfish has calm characteristics and is silver-colored. In the right lighting, the color of this fish may seem to change. Although this fish usually breed for fish farming purpose, it is also common to keep this fish in an aquarium as a display.
Catfish is widely known and farmed for food in many countries such as Africa, Asia, Europe and North America for hundreds of years. The three type of catfish above are those commonly farmed, but there is many more type of catfish available in the world. People usually consider this fish as tasty and excellent to eat, but others also said that it can lack flavor too. However, this fish is rich in vitamin D, protein, and fatty acids, which is important nutrition for the body.
To get good quality catfish, cultivation using a round tarpaulin is the solution. You can read the article about The Right Catfish Pond to Start Your Fish Farming Business.