Starting Tilapia Farming
Tilapia farming has become a trend in the fish farming industry.
The fish is easily adaptable and can grow quite big.
Moreover, tilapia cultivation becoming one of the easiest ways to farming fish because it can be applied in various farming sizes.
From massive industrial producers with the complex tools to little tilapia ponds with simple equipment.
That is why many people try tilapia fish farming at home because the cost of tilapia farming is also quite affordable.
Tilapia farming for beginners is not an impossible business due to its relatively easy process.
However, you will need some tilapia farming guides to make sure that you give the best care for your tilapia fingerlings for better harvest results.
How to Start Tilapia Fish Farming
Even though the tilapia cultivation comes in various sizes, there is one similarity between them.
You will need clean water obviously, and also a tilapia culture.
Next, you also should pay attention to the instrumentation and strategies used for your farming.
The strategy used is completely different for every type of tilapia and the size of your farm to raising tilapia.
When you choose to raise tilapia in your ponds, you will need an oxygen generator, cyclone filters, drum filter an electrochemical regeneration system to keep the water clear and remove the ammonia in the water.
For massive tilapia breeding, you will extra equipment such as filter pads, or bio-balls.
The Main Points of How to Raise Tilapia
There are three main points that usually used in this fish farming for good and proper tilapia production, they are hatching, rearing, and harvesting.
Other farmers might have different terms for these three process, but these are the three main activity that is broadly used by most of the tilapia farmers.
1. Hatching for Tilapia Culture
First, we will talk about hatching.
Hatching is like a special job.
The farmers really need to take care of the breeding colonies, encouraging or inducing spawning, egg extraction.
Farmers also should perform Tilapia fingerling care and of course raising the fingerling to the fish size.
Next, you also will grade the fingerlings for its growth rate before delivering them to the growing facility.
Each one of these steps requires techniques and a distinctive unit area for tilapia breeding.
The specific unit, instruments, and facilities for these steps help in the operation of tilapia cultivation and it is important for the primary few weeks of the tilapia’s life.
It can be a great start for the tilapia fingerlings which will help them to thrive in later years of the fish’s life.
2. Tilapia rearing
The second step in tilapia cultivation is rearing.
Rearing or sometimes called as grow out is the activities done after the tilapia is in fingerlings size.
At this stage, the farmer’s goal is to boost the tilapia to reap the bigger size quickly, economically, and in good condition.
The farmer also needs to perform further actions like testing, sorting, weighing and some other tasks that are related to the maintenance programs.
This step is important to make sure that the tilapia is within the expected growth rate and condition.
3. Tilapia harvesting
The third step is harvesting tilapia.
This step is probably the most and long-awaited step for tilapia farmers.
However, make sure that the tilapia has really reached its adult stages with the desired growth before harvesting them.
The harvesting activities itself includes some more steps to ensure that farmers only obtain the best results and not harvesting those that are still not fully developed yet.
Harvesting tilapia includes certain steps like choosing the maximum size and best condition of the tilapia.
When a farmer found the fish expected, the next step is moving them to the finishing pond or pool.
This is where farmers can start to sell them or prepare the tilapia into a ready-to-cook fish such as making a fillet out of it.
However, it can take a lot of time, so many farmers only offer it immediately to the third parties.
Modern Method of Raising Tilapia
With the right method, you can earn a huge profit by raising tilapia.
If you are interested in raising tilapia either for additional income or for your own consumption, here are some guidelines you need to go through.
1. Find the Right Place
In order for you tilapia fingerlings to grow healthy and thriving, you need to prepare the right place to grow them.
Tilapia can grow in various media such as a pond, fish farm tank, and others.
This fish is generally easily adaptable to various conditions and environments, so as long as the media you prepared is good enough, the tilapia you are growing should be able to survive into adulthood.
Therefore, you can adjust the media you are going to prepare with the area you have at your home or farm.
2. Use a Round Tarpaulin Pool
The most appropriate fish cultivation tank for cultivation is round tarpaulin.
Because it has more advantages compared to an ordinary tank.
In addition to the cheap price, round tarpaulin also has the advantage of saving space so it can be used anywhere–even in the narrow space such as at the terrace of the house.
You can buy it at fishfarmtank.com.
3. Pay Attention to the Water Quality
For a tilapia to thrive, you need to prepare a good quality of water.
Make sure the water you are preparing is free from any dangerous and toxic substances.
Check the temperature of the water, the best temperature for tilapia cultivation is 25 to 30 degree Celsius.
Once you have the right place and good water quality, then you can start to spread the tilapia culture into the pond, fish tank, or whatever media you’ve prepared.
Make sure you consider the area of the pond you have with the amount of fish culture you spread.
Too many fish in a small tank or pond will hinder the fish growth.
4. Feed Tilapia with Good Feed and Supplements
Another important thing to note is the type of feed for your tilapia.
Tilapia is not only adaptable to the environment, but it can also adaptable to any available food source, make it easy to feed since they can eat any type of food.
Despite that, make sure you choose a quality type of food to make sure tilapia can thrive.
Some of the natural feed good for tilapia are pellets, bran, coconut pulp, or even your leftover food.
In addition to this natural food, giving them supplements is also a good way to boost their growth.
You can give them special vitamin for fish at least once a month to make sure that fishes in your tilapia cultivation grow healthy and well.
Aside from paying attention to their food, you need to clean the water and pool regularly.
The benefit of Tilapia Farming
Tilapia is a good source of nutrition for human and it is relatively affordable.
Tilapia cultivation can be a great option to boost your income because it is quite simple to take care of them and they are relatively fast-growing.
The combination of fast-growing fish and easy feed source for these fish makes tilapia cultivation is a prospective business alternative.
Best Type of Tilapia for Your Fish Farming
There are various types of tilapia you can choose from.
If you are considering to start your own tilapia cultivation you need to know what are the best varieties that can yield the best results with relatively low maintenance and low cost.
Here are the three most commonly cultivated tilapia.
1. GIFT Tilapia
GIFT is short for Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia, which is a selective improved strain of tilapia.
This variety has a growth rate faster than another type of tilapia, namely 85% faster than the usual fish.
With this fast-growing fish, this means that GIFT tilapia can also be harvested quicker.
Additionally, this fish also has firmer flesh than other tilapia strains.
It also tastes better and can produce harvest bigger than the usual strain.
In fact, it can reach up to 12 metric tons of fish per hectare. Due to its quick harvest period, these fish become a good source of income and nutrition for small-scale farmers or household.
Today, the GIFT tilapia has been produced in at least 14 countries around the world.
2. BEST Tilapia
BEST in this type of tilapia stands for Bogor Enhanced Strain Tilapia.
Just as its name suggests, these varieties are developed in Bogor.
These varieties are commonly chosen because of its capability to produce a large number of eggs, making it possible to yield a larger amount of adult fish.
It is relatively bigger than another type of tilapia and has a really high resistance to salinity and disease.
3. GESIT Tilapia
GESIT here stands for Genetically Supermale Indonesian Tilapia.
This type of fish is suitable for farmers who only have a narrow area for tilapia cultivation.
The unique thing about this fish is that it can survive in saltwater, such as a saltwater fish pond or even in seawater.
This type of fish is perfect for those who live near the shoreline where there is an abundant amount of seawater.
Easy Food Source for Tilapia Farming
Another thing to consider for thriving tilapia is choosing the right food source.
Here are some natural foods good for these fish if you want them to get bigger quick.
1. Taro Leaves
Many fish farmers use leaves-based-feed for their tilapia, including taro leaves.
Not only nutritious, but taro also leaves as tilapia feed is cheaper and easier to get.
Bran is perfect for tilapia fingerlings so that they can grow faster.
The small size of the bran is perfect for the small-sized mouth of tilapia fingerlings.
Many fish farmers choose bran as an alternative food because it is rich in carbohydrates that are good for fish growth.
The price is quite affordable, the more reason for farmers to choose bran as an alternative source for nutritious food for tilapia.
Moss is often used as feed for various types of fish because it contains a lot of protein.
Not only for natural feed, but moss is also often used as bait for those who love fishing.
Not many people know about this type of feed.
Azolla is one of the aquatic plants that usually grow in rice fields.
You can use it as an alternative feed by cutting it into small pieces first before giving it to your fish.
You can also place Azolla plants in the pool so the fish can eat at any time they want.
5. Coconut Pulp
Don’t throw away your coconut pulp when you are finished making your own coconut milk.
Do you know that this product that is considered a by-product is actually useful for your tilapia fish?
To reduce the cost of spending on feed, you can provide coconut pulp.
In addition to its affordable price, coconut pulp can also accelerate the growth of tilapia due to the protein and carbohydrate content in it.
The next feed alternatives for your tilapia cultivation is from an animal kingdom.
Tilapia is basically an omnivore, so it can relatively eats anything.
One type of aquatic animal great for tilapia feed is artemia.
Artemia is a type of small-sized fish perfect for tilapia fingerlings.
The high content of protein and fat in this tiny fish can help the necessary nutrients for tilapia’s growth.
7. Fish Pellet
You can also purchase a pellet that is mainly available in stores.
It is a processed food for your fish which is rich in quality nutrient contents.
There are many brands and sizes with different prices available in the fish store, ornamental fish sore, or farming store, so you can adjust which type of pellet you want with your available funds.
Pellets with super quality are the best option to get your tilapia to grow faster.
The above feed is some of the best ones you can give to your tilapia.
Feed selection is very important to maintain the quality of fish and makes them grow faster and better.
A thriving tilapia will certainly boost your financial profit or even personal gain.
Those are some guidelines, instructions, and advice you can try if you want to have your own tilapia farming.
Tilapia fish have a great economic value, therefore, it would be a pity to not use this opportunity to try farming it.